Meadows beat out shrubs when it comes to storing carbon While the world focuses on controlling global warming caused by CO2 emissions from fossil fuels, less attention has been paid to the capacity of vegetation and soils to take up and store carbon. A remote field site in the Norwegian mountains is improving
Opening windows and doors may improve sleep A recent Indoor Air study found that opening windows or doors before going to bed can reduce carbon dioxide levels in bedrooms and improve sleep quality.
Worldwide increase in methane bubbles due to climate change Due to climate change, including rising temperatures, more and more methane is bubbling up from lakes, ponds, rivers and wetlands throughout the world. The release of methane -- a potent greenhouse gas -- leads to a further increase in temperature, thus c
Bridging the gap Researchers develop a potentially low-cost, low-emissions technology that can convert methane without forming carbon dioxide.
The latest poop from the turkey coop Treated excrement from turkeys, chickens and other poultry, when converted to combustible solid biomass fuel, could replace approximately 10 percent of coal used in electricity generation, reducing greenhouse gases and providing an alternative energy sour
UTSA researcher studies evolution of climate change activism Climate change is a topic that is debated, doubted and covered by news outlets across the world. Luis Hestres, in the Department of Communication at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), is researching the evolution of climate change activism and
Researchers pin down one source of a potent greenhouse gas Researchers have discovered the first known methane-producing microbe that is active in an oxygen-rich environment -- a finding that suggests today's global climate models may be misjudging the amount of methane being released into the atmosphere.
Evaluation of novel hybrid membranes for carbon capture Hybrid materials known as mixed matrix membranes are considered a promising approach to capture carbon dioxide and mitigate against global warming. These materials are derived from a polymer combined with porous nanoparticles. We show that materials prepa
Warmer water signals change for Scotland's shags An increasingly catholic diet among European shags at one of Scotland's best-studied breeding colonies has been linked to long-term climate change and may have important implications for Scotland's seabirds.
Groundwater recharge in the American west under climate change Groundwater recharge in the Western US will change as the climate warms -- the dry southern regions will have less and the northern regions will have more, according to new research. The new study covers the entire US West, from the High Plains states to
Species in the north are more vulnerable to climate change For the first time, researchers have proposed the hypothesis that animals that live in climate zones at a safe distance from both the poles as well as the tropics have the most to gain from acclimating to changes in climate. The findings contradict previo
Scientists team up on study to save endangered African penguins A first-of-its-kind study on prognostic health indicators in the endangered African penguin provides invaluable information to preserve and rehabilitate this seabird. Competition with fisheries, oil spills, climate change, diseases and predators are all c
Texas' odds of Harvey-scale rainfall to increase by end of century An MIT study finds Texas' risk of Harvey-scale rainfall will increase by the end of this century. By 2100, the annual probability of Hurricane Harvey's record rainfall returning to Texas will rise to 18 percent, if the growth of greenhouse gas emissions c
Record high CO2 emissions delay global peak Global emissions of carbon dioxide from burning fossil fuels have risen again after a three year hiatus, according to new figures from the Global Carbon Project (GCP).
Green rooves to reduce the effects of climate change it would be necessary to have between 207 and 740 hectares of green rooves in a city like Seville (Spain), depending on the scenario that is contemplated, to reduce the effects of climate change in relation to the maximum temperature rises of between 1.5
Breeding highly productive corn has reduced its ability to adapt Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison wanted to know whether the last 100 years of selecting for corn that is acclimated to particular locations has changed its ability to adapt to new or stressful environments. By measuring populations of co
Cool textiles to beat the heat Air-conditioned buildings bring welcome relief to people coming in from the heat. But creating that comfort comes with a cost to our wallets and the environment in the form of increased energy bills and greenhouse gas emissions. Now researchers report in
Fully integrated circuits printed directly onto fabric Researchers have successfully incorporated washable, stretchable and breathable electronic circuits into fabric, opening up new possibilities for smart textiles and wearable electronics. The circuits were made with cheap, safe and environmentally friendly
Climate change, sparse policies endanger right whale population North Atlantic right whales -- a highly endangered species making modest population gains in the past decade - may be imperiled by warming waters and insufficient international protection, according to a new Cornell University analysis published in Global
How climate change may reshape subalpine wildflower communities An unseasonably warm, dry summer in 2015 on Washington state's Mount Rainier caused subalpine wildflowers to change their bloom times and form 'reassembled' communities, with unknown consequences for species interactions among wildflowers, pollinators and
NASA's GPM radar spots tornado spawning thunderstorms in Ohio Valley Severe weather that rolled through the Ohio Valley on Nov. 5 was analyzed by NASA's Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM satellite. GPM provided forecasters at the National Weather Service with rain rates and cloud heights that showed where str
Australian tourism policies fail to address climate change Despite evidence that tourism contributes to climate change, Australia's Federal and State governments are failing to produce effective long-term tourism policy to address climate change, according to the findings of new QUT-led research.
Wind farms along mountain ridges may negatively affect bats By attaching miniaturized Global Positioning System tags to cave bats near a mountain ridge in Thailand, researchers have shown that bats repeatedly use mountain slopes to ascend to altitudes of more than 550 m above the ground.
Climate change could decrease Sun's ability to disinfect lakes Increasing organic runoff as a result of climate change may be reducing the penetration of pathogen-killing ultraviolet (UV) sunlight in inland lakes, rivers, and coastal waters, according to a new study in the journal Scientific Reports.
Zebra 'poo science' improves conservation efforts How can Zebra poo tell us what an animal's response to climate change and habitat destruction will be? That is what scientists from The University of Manchester and Chester Zoo have been investigating in South Africa. Together the team have been using 'p
A special issue to commemorate the centenary of Duzheng Ye's birth The special issue consists of four reviews and five original articles, each focusing on an aspect of Ye's achievements and the latest developments based on or inspired by his theories, including establishing Tibetan Plateau meteorology; developing the the
The advent of 'green' cattle Implications of livestock farming on climate change should not be drawn from aggregate statistics, reveals a study based on a new method of carbon footprinting for pasture-based cattle production systems that can assess the impacts of individual animals.
Tropical forest reserves slow down global warming National parks and nature reserves in South America, Africa and Asia, created to protect wildlife, heritage sites and the territory of indigenous people, are reducing carbon emissions from tropical deforestation by a third, and so are slowing the rate of
Peat bogs defy the laws of biodiversity EPFL scientists working with a team of researchers from across Europe have found that peat bogs, despite their low biodiversity, can effectively withstand both moderate and glacial climates. That finding stands to change the way we look at biodiversity.
Peatland plants adapting well to climate change, suggests study They account for just three per cent of the Earth's surface but play a major role in offsetting carbon dioxide emissions -- and now a team of scientists led by the universities of Southampton and Utrecht has discovered that the plants that make up peat bo
Winters on Mars are shaping the Red Planet's landscape Winter temperatures on the Red Planet sublimate carbon dioxide from a gas to a solid. These solid carbon dioxide blocks are then thought responsible for making gullies and furrows on Mars' landscape based on innovative lab experiments.
Study: How cities can best fight climate change A new study co-authored by an MIT professor indicates it will be easier for cities to reduce emissions coming from residential energy use rather than from local transportation -- and this reduction will happen mostly thanks to better building practices, n
Late Tiassic terrestrial ecosystem changes The Norian Chinle Formation in the Southwestern United States provides a snapshot into an ancient terrestrial ecosystem with its famous petrified tree trunks and various plant and vertebrate remains. The fossil plant assemblages, including spores and poll
Can open and honest scientists win public trust? With the increased politicization of science, more and more people continue to be skeptical of research, especially when it comes to hot-button topics such as climate change and vaccines. Michigan State University researchers wondered whether it would be
Converting carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide using water, electricity Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago and the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis have determined how electrocatalysts can convert carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide using water and electricity. The discovery can lead to the developme
Watching plant photosynthesis...from space University of Sydney and NASA have developed a revolutionary technique to image plant photosynthesis using satellite-based remote-sensing, with potential applications in climate change monitoring. The uptake of carbon dioxide by leaves and its conversion
Satellites map photosynthesis at high resolution Life on Earth is impossible without photosynthesis. It provides food and oxygen to all higher life forms and plays an important role in the climate system, since this process regulates the uptake of carbon dioxide from the Earth's atmosphere and its fixat
The costs of transporting petroleum products by pipelines and rail While the policy debate surrounding crude oil transportation costs has emphasized accidents and spills, a new study by Carnegie Mellon University and University of Pittsburgh researchers indicates the debate is overlooking a far more serious external cost
How global warming is drying up the North American monsoon Previous researchers had concluded that global warming was simply delaying the North American monsoon, which brings summer rains to the southwestern US and northwestern Mexico. But a new, high-resolution climate model that corrects for persistent sea sur
Huge energy potential in open ocean wind farms in the North Atlantic Because wind speeds are higher on average over ocean than over land, wind turbines in the open ocean could in theory intercept more than five times as much energy as wind turbines over land. This presents an enticing opportunity for generating renewable e
Climate solution in soil? The land under our feet and the plant matter it contains could offset a significant amount of carbon emissions if managed properly. More research is needed to unlock soil's potential to mitigate global warming, improve crop yields and increase resilience
New nanomaterial can extract hydrogen fuel from seawater A new hybrid nanomaterial harvests solar energy and uses it to extract hydrogen from seawater, cheaply and efficiently. Future commercialization could mean a new source of environmentally friendly fuel and less dependence on fossil fuels.
UTA study sheds new light on evolution Research from the University of Texas at Arlington and the Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology suggests that hydrogen, oxygen, water and carbon dioxide are being generated in the earth's mantle hundreds of kilometers below the Earth's surface.
Win-win strategies for climate and food security Efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the agriculture and forestry sectors could lead to increased food prices -- but new research identifies strategies that could help mitigate climate change while avoiding steep hikes in food prices.
Climate's effects on flowers critical for bumble bees In a study that shows the importance of climate change on critical pollinators, North Carolina State University researchers found that earlier and longer flowering seasons can have poor effects on the bumble bees that rely on these flowers to live and thr
The economic case for climate action in the United States Economic losses from Hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria and 76 wildfires in nine Western states, intensified by human-induced climate change, will be the most costly combined weather events in US history.When the final accounting is completed, the economic
Climate insurance is rarely well thought out in agriculture Internationally subsidised agricultural insurance is intended to protect farmers in developing countries from the effects of climate change. However, it can also lead to undesirable ecological and social side effects, as UFZ researchers and their colleagu
Getting the measure of mud For the first time, researchers have been able to use mud deposited on the depths of the ocean floor to measure changes in the speed of deep-sea currents. Using mud as a current meter could help scientists to identify fluctuating patterns in ocean current
Climate change can goad volcanoes into life Geologists from UNIGE, working with the University of Orléans, University Pierre and Marie Curie and the ICTJA-CSIC Institute analyzed volcanic data from the Messinian salinity crisis in the Mediterranean Sea, when the Strait of Gibraltar was blocked
Understanding the dance to save the dance Plant-pollinator relationships are vital to our natural and agricultural ecosystems, with an incredible amount of food crops worldwide dependent on plant-pollinator interaction success. But the advancement of climate change is disrupting plant-pollinator
Copper catalyst yields high efficiency CO2-to-fuels conversion Berkeley Lab scientists have developed a new electrocatalyst that can directly convert carbon dioxide into multicarbon fuels and alcohols using record-low inputs of energy. The work is the latest in a round of studies coming out of Berkeley Lab tackling t
Solar-to-fuel system recycles CO2 to make ethanol and ethylene Berkeley Lab scientists have harnessed the power of photosynthesis to convert carbon dioxide into fuels and alcohols at efficiencies far greater than plants. The achievement marks a significant advance in the effort to move toward sustainable sources of f
Climate change challenges the survival of fish across the world University of Washington researchers have published the first analysis looking at how vulnerable the world's freshwater and marine fishes are to climate change. Their paper, appearing online Sept. 11 in Nature Climate Change, used physiological data to pr
Earth's oldest trees in climate-induced race up the tree line Bristlecone pine and limber pine trees in the Great Basin region of the western United States are like two very gnarled, old men in a slow-motion race up the mountaintop, and climate change is the starting gun, according to a study from the University of
New method for identifying carbon compounds derived from fossil fuels Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have developed a laboratory instrument that will greatly reduce the cost of analyzing carbon isotopes. Among other things, this will allow scientists to measure how much of the carbon